Thursday, May 21, 2020
Sample details Pages: 7 Words: 2162 Downloads: 6 Date added: 2017/06/26 Category Law Essay Type Analytical essay Tags: Government Essay Did you like this example? Topic Ã ¢Ã¢â ¬Ã¢â¬Å" Corporate Responsibility: Should there be more or less government regulation? With over 1 million businesses operating in Canada, corporate responsibility is a major issue that should be recognized by citizens within society. In simple terms, corporate responsibility is the ethics and morals of a business. Many corporations in Canada have a tremendous amount of wealth and power. Regulation is essential in order for good government. Corporate responsibility occurs when initiatives taken by these corporations benefit all the stakeholders. These stakeholders vary from the employees, to the customer, and to the community. Corporate responsibility is necessary in Canada in order to secure its democracy, protection of consumers, and sustainability of our society. Therefore, it is important that Canada has a tight leash on corporations and effective regulations are in place. Lobbying is just one aspect citizens must be aware of. Also, more and more Canadians suffer from precarious employment which implies they have fewer labour protections than others who have stable employment. Additionally, through various acts of parliament pertaining to the environment, corporations are less constrained by regulations. It is important for Canadian citizens to know how these corporate giants are using their power and how they can still fight for their democratic rights. No citizen should be being more outweighed than corporations, because they are just Ã ¢Ã¢â ¬Ã âcorporate citizensÃ ¢Ã¢â ¬Ã themselves. Lobbyists have a very powerful influence on government policies. Canada is still allowing Corporations to send lobbyist to influence government decisions and polices which endanger the democratic status Canada has. Canadian citizens should be having the most influential impact on our government. Teeple stated that, Lobbying politicians may well be an accepted apart of our democracy, but to describe it as Ã ¢Ã¢â ¬ÃÅ" necessaryÃ ¢Ã¢â ¬Ã¢â ¢ stretches the point. Endorsing the role of professional lobby firms implies acceptance of the notion that those with money and insider knowledge are entitled to superior access to government and policy decisions (Teeple). If citizens need an intermediary of a lobbyist to get the attention of Ottawa, then we have no real democracy. Governments are following lobbyistsÃ ¢Ã¢â ¬Ã¢â ¢ impulses rather than pursing the common good, which larger democracies are unable to allow a sufficient number of their citizens to have his or her voices heard. This is antidemocratic and causing only an individualsÃ ¢Ã¢â ¬Ã¢â ¢ pursuit of their own desires which leads to self-centredness and conflict. The people with money and connections with parliament should not be the ones having the most say to implement new polices. Arguments may be made that lobbying is acceptable to CanadaÃ ¢Ã¢â ¬Ã¢â ¢s democracy because pressuring politicians is sometimes crucial in or der to get their attention. However, corporations lobbying in order to only benefit their company and profits and not the citizens and society are not democratically correct. Distorting the truth is a huge problem with corporations and lobbyists. Lobbyist are there to get many important decisions made by officials, rather than elected representatives. Teeple summarized that, Ã ¢Ã¢â ¬Ã âLobbyist run any number of efforts, from simply mapping the bureaucracy to assist clients make their own way to the right door, to obtaining access to politicians, to running campaigns to distort the truth in mediaÃ ¢Ã¢â ¬Ã (Teeple). Citizens have the right to know the truth and how these corporations will be affecting their society. Lobbyists have an overwhelming amount of power. Majority of citizens do not have access to parliament like these lobbyist do. Giving these lobbyist a front-of-the-line pass in unjust. Everyone should have equal power to communicate with parliament and jus t like the rule of law, nobody should be more powerful than another. If majority of citizens do not have this power, corporations should not either. There seems virtually no limit to Stephen HarperÃ ¢Ã¢â ¬Ã¢â ¢s efforts to diminish the government and democracy in Canada. There seems to be an excessive amount of so-called trade deals, which are really just Corporate Right Deals. Not only is harper busy negotiating them, but corporations like Walmart are in on the action too. However, what about the majority and common good of the people, like jobs? Murray Dobbin is one of CanadaÃ ¢Ã¢â ¬Ã¢â ¢s most popular progressive political commentators and analysts who explained that, They influence politicians and political parties with huge amounts of cash; they threaten government that dare to consider any laws that lessen their power or privilege; they withdraw capital to punish governments that donÃ ¢Ã¢â ¬Ã¢â ¢t take them seriously; they spend millions on lobbyist to persua de legislators (Dobbin). Officials are not required to keep formal records of their contracts with lobbyists, and there is some scope for lobbyists to avoid registration by claiming that they are merely responding to requests for information from officials. The government has set up regulations relating to lobbying, but these regulations are not restricting lobbying, it is making it even more legal. Teeple outlined that, The process of registering lobbyists began under the Mulroney government in 1989. The Lobbyists Registration Act essentially puts the onus on lobbyists to register, pay a fee, and list their areas of interest. By its very principles, the Act legitimizes the role of the lobbying industry (Teeple). It has to be emphasized that Ã ¢Ã¢â ¬Ã âregistrationÃ ¢Ã¢â ¬Ã is not Ã ¢Ã¢â ¬Ã âregulationÃ ¢Ã¢â ¬Ã . Allowing lobbyist to enter parliament legitimately eats away at CanadaÃ ¢Ã¢â ¬Ã¢â ¢s democracy even more. It is a form of corruption, because really it is money that is buying these policies corporations want. If the Rogers Corporation want the liberals to win the next election, why should they be allowed to give them millions of dollars for their political campaign? The government is going in the wrong direction and making lobbying too easy. One successful example of lobbying is Enbridge lobbying the Harper government. It had to deal with the proposal for a 1700 kilometre pipeline that would deliver bitumen. There were many vocal public campaigns going against this proposition as it affected the environment, First Nations, and three levels of government. Harris, a former Liberal member, noted that, I cant imagine a project thats more complex, yet it (Enbridge) was able to convince the federal government, the Conservatives, of its value to the point that the federal government, who puts in place the regulatory process by which projects are independently evaluated (Enbridge) had themshamelessly out theresupp orting the project before their own process was even completed(Harris). The Conservatives even changed the environmental regulations that affect the project. Enbridge was able to take something that is not well liked and actually get a government too literally shamelessly support it as the federal level, all because of lobbyist. There are 16 people registered as working for Enbridge on the lobby registry of British Columbia. Due to changes in the economy and business practices, many citizens have precarious employment. This causes fewer labour protections and even with the Employment Standards Act and labour laws, some citizens within Canada are still being treated unjustly. Barnes noted that, Ã ¢Ã¢â ¬Ã âPrecarious employment encompasses forms of work involving limited social benefits and statutory entitlements, job security, low wages, and high risk of ill-healthÃ ¢Ã¢â ¬Ã (Barnes). The Canadian government should be taking more action in order to protect these at-ri sk workers. Most employees usually do not have the option to be in precarious employment. An example is the Canada Action Plan. This has created many jobs, but majority of them were precarious employment. Construction jobs are becoming a big issue as construction does not last forever. The government is doing the right thing to create jobs, but should be creating stable jobs. Canada is a democratic country and therefore, nobody should truly have an advantage over another. Vosko outlined that, Ã ¢Ã¢â ¬Ã âEmployees in these more precarious forms are less likely to receive extended health, dental, pension, and life and/or disability benefits than full-time permanent employeesÃ ¢Ã¢â ¬Ã (Vosko). The government should be ensuring that all citizens are being treated equally regardless of job type. Some people have to enter precarious employment because it is the only type of jobs available in the economy. Economic efficiency is an issue too. Precarious employment already make less than full-time permanent employees. Then they have added living costs, like dental plans, which are not covered. This lowers their disposable income which causes less money circulating in the economy. Therefore, social costs, like welfare, will increase causing the government to spend even more money which is not efficient. Vosko uses statistics to explain that, An increasing share of jobs are less secure, temporary and contract jobs. Half of the new jobs created since October 2008 have been temporary, and 90 per cent of those are term or contract positions that have increased at ten times the rate of permanent jobs. This direction will continue if governments lay off public servants, contract out services, and increasingly rely on temporary, term and contract employees themselves.Ã ¢Ã¢â ¬Ã (Vosko) The government is doing the opposite of what they should by doing in order to secure citizens work life. The government should be setting regulations on corporations on how much they can contract out services so majority of the Canadian citizens can benefit. Precarious employees should have access to a community union in order to have a say in their employment rights. The focus of Ã ¢Ã¢â ¬ÃÅ"Community Unionism: Organising for Fair Employment in CanadaÃ ¢Ã¢â ¬Ã¢â ¢ is the limited rights and access to traditional vehicles of representation such as unions, due partly to the prohibitive costs and obstacles associated with organising, confronted by workers in precarious employment (Barnes). Having access to a community union will establish a much needed intermediary in order for citizens to be heard. Precarious do not have access to unions because of the cost and organization of one. Governments should be assisting precarious employment in order to achieve long-term stability. Through various acts of parliament pertaining to the environment, corporations are less constrained by regulations. Corporations have lots of power, while som e companies even make more money that provincial governments. Anderson mentioned that, According to Hawken, not only was business and industry the principal instrument of global destruction, it was the only institution large enough, wealthy enough, and pervasive enough to lead humankind out of the mess we were making (Anderson). Many corporations have the wealth and power to be environmentally friendly, but tend not to care. Corporations are going to keep going about their ways if they are not forced to change. An article from CBC News stated that, Ã ¢Ã¢â ¬Ã âThe federal environmental directorate Ã ¢Ã¢â ¬ÃÅ"does not have adequate information on whom it is regulating and who is not complying [with the act]Ã ¢Ã¢â ¬Ã (Unit). The government regulation in Canada needs to be more specific. There should be penalties on corporations who are not following the regulations. Officials should be looking over these companies to make sure they are not slipping by. Economic efficiency is argued by some and that it would cost millions of dollars to set higher environmental standards. However, if these regulations are not passed onto corporations, the Canadian government is going to be spending even more to repair the damaged environment. Anderson outlined that, Today, an extremely effective shield is in place against vendors sending us things we do not want. We have used this approach to screen out lead, mercury, perfluoronated alkyl substances, and other persistent bioaccumulating toxic substances and chemicals. What has this cost us? Nothing (Anderson). If Canada is able to easily restrict environmental hazards from other countries, Canada should be setting the same restrictions on corporations within Canada. These regulations will not cost the government money, but rather save money. Global warming and environmental damage will have to be fixed by the government if corporations are not forced to act upon the issues. Corporations have the profit s to make the economy and environment sustainable. Governments do not just have to set regulations and restrictions against corporations, but rather help motivate them. Anderson summaries that, Government never seems to lead; it always seems to follow. Not religious institutions, either. Until very recently many churches helped perpetuate the myth that the earth was ours to conquer and subdue, to abuse as we pleased. And sadly, not colleges and universities; they could train the next generation, but we needed action here and now. Who then? (Anderson). If governments are not going to step their foot out and lead, corporations are not going to do anything. The government should not wait until the environmental effects start hurting the Canadian society, because it may be too late to fix, and not to mention, too expensive. A proper democracy, protection of consumers, and sustainability of CanadaÃ ¢Ã¢â ¬Ã¢â ¢s environment is very important and must be achieved by making sure corporations are following effective regulations in order to demonstrate positive corporate responsibility. Lobbying is something that happens every day within the government walls which is allowing corporations to have a more influential impact on the government then citizens. Additionally, rising precarious employment must be put to an end and citizens should feel secure with useful labour protections. Also, it is important Canada is environmentally friendly by regulating corporations in order to obtain sustainability and efficiency. Money talks in Canada and citizens should be aware of this because it is eating away their democratic rights. DonÃ¢â¬â¢t waste time! Our writers will create an original "Should there be more or less government regulation?" essay for you Create order
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
Essays on Generally Accepted Accounting Principles and Their Development Coursework The paper "Generally Accepted Accounting Principles and Their Development" is a worthy example of coursework on finance and accounting. Financial accounting information is crucial to everyone interested in maintaining healthy surroundings when it concerns capital. Financial information, therefore, needs guidance. This guidance comes in the form of principles that aid in ensuring this information is legitimate, and up to standards. In this case, Generally Accepted Accounting Principles are preferred. These principles are developed and applied by accountants in everyday dealings to ensure financial information is credited. As a set of widely accepted rules, the GAAP is responsible for overseeing the correct response toward financial information in countless organizations and companies (Bragg, 2011). This paper will examine the GAAP and how they are developed. Also, it will discuss the business entities while comparing and contrasting their characteristics.Ã Ã Definition of GAAP and their developmentÃ Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã The Generally Accepted Accounting Principles are a set of guidelines that govern the reporting of financial information. This is in many organizations and companies as they offer investors consistency in the reporting and compiling of financial statements (Price, Haddock Farina, 2012). The principles aid in covering revenue recognition, and measures outstanding shares. Through this set of principles, it is easier for financiers and users of financial information, to make recommendations and conclusions based on the information provided.Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã During the development of the principle, some stages are involved. In the first stage, the Financial Accounting Standards Board issues a discussion memorandum. FASB is responsible for giving authority to this set of principles. In the next stage, respondents give their sense on the discussion memorandum to the FASB. These respondents include th e SEC, Public Accounting Firms, and the AICPA.Ã In the third development stage, the governing body issues an exposure draft (Price, Haddock Farina, 2012).Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã This draft gives the respondents an avenue to voice their concerns over the proposed guidelines. It is in this stage the respondents offer suggestions to make the principles better, and more efficient. In the next stage, the FASB gets responses from the respondents and other interested parties on the exposure draft. In the last development stage, the governing body offers a statement on the principle (Price, Haddock Farina, 2012). The development of these principles must include discussions to allow for proposals and advice to take place. This is to allow for transparency.Characteristics of the three main business entitiesÃ Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã There are three main business entities present today. These are the sole proprietorship, partnership, and corporations . In a sole proprietorship, the trade is owned by a single person. They are bound legally by the entity and are responsible for the debt and tax issues that come with the business. In a partnership, the trade is maintained by two or more individuals bound together by a partnership agreement. They are, thus; responsible for the debt and tax issues that arise from the business. These are shared equally depending on the share each of them brings into the partnership. Corporations are privately or publicly owned businesses. They are separate from their owners and possess the freedom to carry out operations as a single entity (Price, Haddock Farina, 2012).Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã In terms of liability, sole proprietors take responsibility for all the risks involved. In a partnership, the partners share the risks jointly as the agreement dictates. Incorporations, stakeholders only face the risk of loss depending on the amount of capital they invest. Ending the busines s may be the death of the sole proprietor of the business, or as a personal decision. In a partnership, the demise of a partner may lead to the closing of the business, or the end of the partnership agreement. However, for corporations, it may continue indefinitely because of the high number of people involved. If it goes bankrupt or stakeholders choose to liquidate, the business may end (Price, Haddock Farina, 2012).Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã In conclusion, the implementation of accounting principles should be for global use. Accounting information should protect investors and the choices they make about firms and businesses. This may ensure everyone is content with the use of accounting information, as they benefit from the implementation of acceptable accounting guidelines (Lee, 2007).
Most firms build their marketing strategies around the concept of the product life cycleÃ¢â¬âthe idea that after introduction, products inevitably follow a course of growth, maturity, and decline. It doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t have to be that way, says Harvard Business School marketing professor Youngme Moon. By positioning their products in unexpected ways, companies can change how customers mentally categorize them. We will write a custom essay sample on Break Free Product Life Cycle or any similar topic only for you Order Now In doing so, they can shift products lodged in the maturity phase backÃ¢â¬âand catapult new products forwardÃ¢â¬âinto the growth phase. The author describes three positioning strategies that marketers use to shift consumersÃ¢â¬â¢ thinking. Reverse positioning strips away Ã¢â¬Å"sacredÃ¢â¬ product attributes while adding new ones (JetBlue, for example, withheld the expected first-class seating and in-flight meals on its planes while offering surprising perks like leather seats and extra legroom). Breakaway positioning associates the product with a radically different category (Swatch chose not to associate itself with fine jewelry and instead entered the fashion accessory category). And stealth positioning acclimates leery consumers to a new offering by cloaking the productÃ¢â¬â¢s true nature (Sony positioned its less-than-perfect household robot as a quirky pet). Clayton Christensen described how new, simple technologies can upend a market. In an analogous way, these positioning strategies can exploit the vulnerability of established categories to new positioning. A company can use these techniques to go on the offensive and transform a category by demolishing its traditional boundaries. Companies that disrupt a category through positioning create a lucrative place to ply their waresÃ¢â¬âand can leave category incumbents scrambling. How to cite Break Free Product Life Cycle, Essays
Sunday, April 26, 2020
Rock And Roll It is common belief that ?rock? music fosters bad behavior. This statement has no basis; there are no facts whatsoever to support such an accusation. The word ?rock? is a very general term, a wide variety bands fall under the label of ?rock?, bands that range from The Beatles and Fleetwood Mac to Nine Inch Nails and Marilyn Manson. To really make an accusation you must first specify the one you are accusing. And I am not just speaking blindly; I spent a whole year rooming with a Satan worshiper. I listened to Marilyn Manson literally every day and my behavior did not change one bit. When listening to him I felt no sudden urges to go get into a fight or go vandalize the school. I have experienced first hand the affects of rock and roll, none. ?Rock? does not foster bad behavior; it is the people who have tendencies to break the rules who are attracted to it. And since we never like to blame ourselves it is ?rock? that gets the bad rap. Rock'n'roll (rok'en r?l'), n., a kind of popular music with a simple repetitious melody. 90% of the music listened to by adolescents throughout the world would fall under the term ?rock? as defined in the World Book Dictionary. With this in mind, how could you accuse ?rock? of causing bad behavior? ?Rock? has been broken down into many sub categories as it music has progressed from its roots in the Goldie Oldies in the 1950s. Some of the most well known are Classic Rock, Eighties Rock, Pop, Heavy Metal, Grunge Rock, Rap Rock, etc.... So accusing ?rock? as a whole of anything would be ridiculous and stereotypical. Personal experiences have developed this theory in my head. Last year I was at boarding school, and my roommate, Nick House, was a self proclaimed ?Demonolotrist? but by all Christian standards he was a Satan worshiper. He listened to extremist bands such as Nine Inch Nails and Marilyn Manson. I listened to this music all year, every day. And at first it worried me, I was afraid that the music would somehow effect me, but not so much to my surprise, it didn't. While listening to it I felt no strange desire to go commit a crime or kill someone. In fact my being exposed to this music only broadened my horizons and expanded my knowledge. Accusing rock of causing bad behavior is the equivalent of me accusing Christian music of causing Christianity. Christianity existed long before Christian music. In the same way, bad behavior existed long before ?rock?. Christians are attracted to Christian music because it is Christian. In just the same way people with tendencies toward bad behavior are attracted to rock because it is revolutionary. Speech and Communications
Wednesday, March 18, 2020
prayer in school essays IS IT LEGAL TO PRAY IN PUBLIC SCHOOLS? Is it legal to pray in public schools?This is the question. The answer of course is, It depends. Both on what kind of prayer we are talking about, and more importantly, who is doing the praying. Because people are usually talking about organized classroom prayer, we will begin our there. The Supreme Court has made clear that prayers organized by a public school violate the First Amendment, whether in the classroom, over the p-a system or even at graduation. The same rule applies whether the activity is prayer or reading the bible. Even moments of silence, if used to promote prayer, arent allowed by the courts. A neutral moment of silence that does not encourage prayer over any other quiet, activity is allowed, even though many students choose to use the time for prayer. The bottom line is, the Court has said that it is none of its business to promote or sponsor religious exercises, especially among young students who are at school as a result of their parents, or being made to be there by the govt. Public schools have the responsibility to protect the thoughts of every student. This includes children of various religious faiths, as well as those of no religious faith. Only by being neutral can the school be fair to all. This doesnt mean schools dont allow st udents to be religious, theyre just not going to force it. Generally, individual students are free to pray, read their Bibles and even invite others to join their particular religious group as long as they are not disruptive of the school or disrespectful of the rights of other students. A student should not be allowed to pressure others in a public school. For example, a student may wish to pray before meals, read her Bible during study hall, create an art project with a religious theme or invite other students to attend church. In addition, students have t...
Monday, March 2, 2020
The First Jobs of the 2016 Presidential Candidates The 2016 presidential race is underway and things are getting heated. Whether or not your favorite candidate is winning, we thought it would be interesting to explore the humble beginnings of each candidate. Here are the first jobs of each of the 2016 Presidential Candidates held before they got their start in politics.Ã Source: [payscale.com/]
Friday, February 14, 2020
Chemistry in Daily Life - Essay Example This world is made up of matter. We human beings are part of matter as we live in this world. Our body is made up of matter of different kinds. Matter is embedded in everything that contributes to protect our life - right from the food we have to the environment we live in. And, from what we eat to where we live, it is all related to chemistry. The human body thrives on organic compounds like proteins, nucleic acids, carbohydrates, vitamins, etc., and defends itself with enzymes such as catalase, reducing agents such as glutathione and cysteine, and we eat antioxidants such as vitamin C, E and polyphenol, etc.,) as our food to survive. Men in pre-historic age lived by using natural things / materials to a large extent. By the passage of time, man has now learnt to use natural resources to develop things for us as per his needs. Today, there is hardly any area in which Chemistry does not play a critical role in a man's daily life. Toiletries, cosmetic and beautifying products are some other items which are of use in our daily life. There are products like carbolic acids, toothpaste, mouth-fresheners, moisturizers, skin creams, face powders, deodorants, shampoos and soaps which sets off a day in our life. In all these products, lots of chemical ingredients are used. Carbolic acids are used as disinfectants to protect the bathroom and toilets from causing infections and keeping them clean. We start our day early morning by brushing our teeth. We use tooth paste to keep our teeth fresh, shiny and to protect them from decaying. We also use mouth fresheners (liquid) to keep bad breath - Halitosis in scientific term - at bay. Toothpaste includes water (H2O), Glycerol (CH2OH), Dibasic calcium phosphate (CaHPO4), Sodium N-lauroyl sarcosinate, Carrageenan, Fluorides, etc., and some toothpastes even contain salt in their ingredients. Isn't it amazing that there are so many chemical ingredients involved in a small tube of toothpaste! Cosmetic items like moisturizers, skin creams, face powders, deodorants, lipsticks, shampoos and soaps include numerous ingredients like water, emulsifiers, preservatives, thickener, color and fragrance components. A bathing soap may contain chemical additives like caustic soda, citric acid, sodium chloride, mineral oil, scent, etc. Similarly, a detergent soap and powder and dishwasher soap or powder may contain many chemical compositions. Chemistry and food As we enter the kitchen, the main object that stands out is the stove. Most of the kitchen in this modern world is furnished with gas stoves. A gas stove mainly runs on cooking gas containing butane, ethane and propane and may also include methyl or ethyl mercaptans. Though not substantially used of late, stoves running on fuel like kerosene and gasoline had been of much use in the yesteryears and are still in use in remote places where there is scarcity of cooking gas. What is essential to lead a healthy life is food. Every food that is cooked includes chemicals which further multiply into more chemicals due to the reaction while cooking. For instance, rice contains carbohydrates and when it is cooked, it undergoes many chemical reactions, multiplying the available chemical elements into numerous other chemical